Apologist William Craig Denies Genesis 1-11: Adam was Caveman that Lived 750,000 Years Ago

Frequently viewed as evangelicalism’s foremost Christian Apologist. William Lane Craig’s name is most often associated with his ministry organization Reasonable Faith, which is also the name of his most popular book and his weekly podcast. 

A proponent of “mere Christianity theology” the professional philosopher frequently seeks to advocate for ‘bare theism.’ Though Craig is a member of and a Sunday School teacher at a Southern Baptist Church, he is Wesleyan in terms of soteriology. He is also a Molinist and social trinitarian. He has proposed a controversial Neo-Apollonarian Christology. Although Craig rejects Open Theism, he has stated (in the course of explaining Transworld Depravity) that God must play the cards He has “been dealt. “

In a new essay for First Things, Craig explains that Genesis 1-11 are all myths and ‘mytho-history’that didn’t actually happen and are not to be taken literally, but it’s only in Genesis 12 with the story of Abraham that things become real and historical.

As far as how Craig does explain the references to Adam by Jesus and Paul, he uses the language of ‘true-in-story:

A statement is true-in-a-story if it is found in or implied by that story. So if I say, for example, that Gilgamesh slew the Bull of Heaven, my statement, though true-in-the-Epic of Gilgamesh, is false.

In the same way, references to Adam are true-in-a-story. They are true in the sense that Genesis records them as happening, but are similarly actually false, as Craig later asserts “we can see how naive it is to argue that merely because some New Testament author refers to a literary figure, whether found in the Old Testament or outside it, that figure is asserted to be a historical person.”

Despite believing the stories in Genesis 1-11 never happened, Craig does not discount that idea that there was a ‘progenitor of the entire human race’ – some sort of ‘first couple’ which he ultimately surmises is the following:


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6 thoughts on “Apologist William Craig Denies Genesis 1-11: Adam was Caveman that Lived 750,000 Years Ago

  1. That’s a disappointing, but not totally surprising, take as a “just so” story. He has done a lot of good work but is squishy on a few topics.

  2. The whole justification of Jesus’s life and death is predicated on the existence of Adam and the fruit he and Eve ate. Without the original sin who needs to be redeemed? Without Adam’s fall into a life of constant sin terminated by death what purpose is there to Christianity? If Jesus was not the redeemer who died for our sins and this is what evolution means, the Christianity is nothing. – Atheist Richard Bozarth
    Christianity has fought, still fights, and will fight science to the desperate end over evolution, because evolution destroys utterly and finally the very reason Jesus’ earthly life was supposedly made necessary. Destroy Adam and Eve and the original sin, and in the rubble you will find the sorry remains of the son of God. If Jesus was not the redeemer who died for our sins, and this is what evolution means, then Christianity is nothing. —G. Richard Bozarth: quoted from The American Atheist, September 1978, p. 30.

  3. Frankly, I’m surprised by Craig’s take on this but can understand why he and many others in the faith grapple with Genesis.

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